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Vienna Agreement 1815

abril 14, 2021 By: admin Category: Sin categoría

When the tsar heard about the secret treaty, he accepted a compromise that satisfied all parties on October 24, 1815. Russia received most of the Napoleonic Duchy of Warsaw as the “Kingdom of Poland” – called the Congress Poland, with the Tsar as king, who ruled it independently of Russia. But Russia did not receive the province of Poznan (Pozna), Prussia as the Grand Duchy of Pozna, nor Krakow, which became a free city. Moreover, the tsar was not able to reunite the new domain with parts of Poland that had been integrated into Russia in the 1790s. Prussia received 60 per cent of the Sachsen-Altsachsen, the rest was returned to King Frederick August I as his kingdom of Saxony. [37] The Congress of Vienna (1814-1815) dissolved the Napoleonic world and attempted to restore the monarchies napoleon had overthrown, which inspired an era of conservatism. Under the leadership of Metternich, Austrian Prime Minister (1809-1848) and Lord Castlereagh, British Foreign Minister (1812-22), the Congress established a peacekeeping system. The goal was not only to restore the old borders, but to change the size of the main forces so that they could balance each other. The United Kingdom received parts of the West Indies at the expense of the Netherlands and Spain and retained the former Dutch colonies of Ceylon and Kapkolonie, as well as Malta and Helgoland. Under the Treaty of Paris (1814), Article VIII France ceded the islands of Tobago and St. Lucia to Great Britain.

and the island of France and its dependencies, in particular Rodrigues and Seychelles[45] [46] and, under the treaty between Great Britain and Austria, Prussia and Russia, respecting the Ionian Islands (signed in Paris on 5 November 1815) as one of the treaties signed during the Peace of Paris (1815). Britain received a protectorate over the United States of the Ionian Islands. [47] The exclusion of a great power from the negotiation process, such as Germany and the Soviet Union in 1919, would have had disastrous consequences, especially since other great powers, such as Spain and Poland, had lost or disappeared completely. The exclusion of minor jurisdictions was in the interest of the negotiation process and the need to reach an agreement within a specified time frame. The Final Act of Viennese was signed nine days before Napoleon`s Elbe escape, but the powers were not aware of this threat. The leak would have helped to force the allies to close if their business was not yet complete. External threats forged internal consent, but in the case of Vienna, such a step forward was not necessary. The process itself was able to unite in the end. Napoleon`s action, however, caused France to exclude from the negotiations on the second Treaty of Paris in 1815 and to insert its borders from 1792 to those of 1790. France has not even received a change to convince the other powers through negotiation, because they have been excluded from it. In 1814, the major European powers agreed to convene a General Congress to negotiate a long-term peace order by restoring the European political landscape after the Napoleonic wars. However, the Vienna Congress, which was finally held between September 1814 and June 1815, was not content with European issues.

The Congress for Peace also had a global dimension and can be considered the cornerstone of humanism history. For the first time in history, representatives of the major European powers condemned the Atlantic slave trade in the 1815 declaration of Viennese as a violation of the principles of humanity.

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